Our initial hypothesis was that electromagnetic energy was used by the body to integrate, interrelate, harmonize, and execute diverse physiological processes. In chapter 2, we presented direct evidence showing that such intrinsic energy is in fact created and transmitted in the body, and that it controls specific biological functions.

Natural electromagnetic energy is an omnipresent factor in the environment of each organism on earth. From an evolutionary standpoint, nature would favor those organisms that developed a capacity to accept information about the earth, atmosphere, and the cosmos in the form of electromagnetic signals and to adjust their internal processes and behavior accordingly. Thus it follows from the initial hypothesis that natural environmental electromagnetic energy could convey information to an organism about its surroundings, thereby facilitating behavioral changes. In chapter 3, we showed that studies of biological cycles and animal navigation support the thesis that environmental electromagnetic energy mediates the transfer of information from the environment to the organism.

If nature gave certain organisms the ability to receive information about the environment via unseen electromagnetic signals, then there must also have been the gift of an ability to discriminate between meaningful and meaningless signals. Signals having no information, or those outside certain physiological bandwidths or intensity ranges, would have to be recognized and responded to differently than informationally significant signals (which lead to behavioral changes that are ultimately geared to help the organism survive or compete). Based on these considerations, our original hypothesis led to the further conclusion that organisms would be particularly sensitive to artificial electromagnetic energy having electrical characteristics-frequency and intensity-similar to those of natural environmental electromagnetic fields. Signals outside this physiological range would elicit a nonspecific systemic reaction geared toward the re-establishment of homeostasis. The evidence for this was presented in chapters 4 to 9. We showed that low-strength electromagnetic fields within the physiological frequency range can alter the electroencephalogram, the electrocardiogram, biological rhythms, calcium metabolism, and human and animal behavior. We also showed, beyond good-faith dispute, that electromagnetic energy at nonphysiological frequencies and intensities induces adaptive homeostatic responses in animals and humans.

Three separate lines of research, therefore, have established the general validity of our initial hypothesis-the physiological-control role of intrinsic electromagnetic energy. The task now is nothing less than to develop a new biology in which electromagnetic energy receives the critical consideration and evaluation that it merits on the basis of present knowledge. Thus far, the studies have mostly concentrated on the areas of the peripheral nervous system and growth control. It can be anticipated that future work will lead to significant advances in other areas, perhaps even to a more satisfying understanding of the physical basis of life itself.

Back to Table of Contents

 Marino Home Page | Research Interests